LGBT Rights

LGBT Rights: 2003

Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals rules in Flores v. Morgan Hill Unified School District that public school officials have a proactive duty to end on-campus anti-gay harassment and discrimination once they are aware of it.

In Lawrence v. Texas, the U.S. Supreme Court overturns its 1986 Bowers decision and rules that state sodomy laws are unconstitutional.

LGBT Rights: 2004

San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom authorizes the County Clerk to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. Longtime activists Del Martin and Phyllis Lyons are the first couple married. The state supreme court orders the City to stop issuing licenses to same-sex couples and invalidates the more than 4,000 marriages that have taken place.

LGBT Rights: 2008

Reaction to supreme court decision in In re Marriage CasesReaction to supreme court decision in In re Marriage CasesCalifornia Supreme Court issues a landmark ruling in In re Marriage Cases that the law against same-sex marriage violates the state constitution and that discrimination against lesbians and gay men merits the most rigorous form of judicial review: strict scrutiny. Over 18,000 same-sex couples marry between June and November.

See the marriage ceremony of Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon: 

Voters narrowly pass Proposition 8, revising the state constitution to limit marriage only to the union of a man and a woman.

LGBT Rights: 2009

Proposition 8Proposition 8State supreme court refuses to strike down Proposition 8 but upholds the legality of same-sex marriages that took place in California between June and November 2008, when Proposition 8 passed.

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