1951 - 1990

Religion: 1964

Navajos arrested for ceremonial use of peyoteNavajos arrested for ceremonial use of peyoteThe sentences of three Navajos who had been convicted in 1962 for participating in a religious ceremony that used peyote are overturned by the California Supreme Court on the basis of religious freedom.

Dissent: 1964

Free SpeechFree SpeechFor more than three months, students at the University of California, Berkeley participate in the “Free Speech Movement” to protest restrictions on political speech and activities on campus.

See "Free Speech Movement" leader Mario Savio deliver part of a speech: 

Immigrants' Rights: 1965

Congress passes an immigration act allowing for greater immigration from Asia and Latin America.

Labor: Sept. 8, 1965

Filipino grape pickers begin striking in Delano to protest dangerous and unfair working conditions. They are quickly joined by Mexican workers. United Farm Workers forms. Growers obtain injunctions from local judges to prevent strikers from picketing.

Listen to UFW leaders Dolores Huerta and Cesar Chavez speak.

Criminal Justice: 1965

Frye familyFrye familyThe arrest of a young African American driver sparks several days and nights of violence in Watts and other areas of South Central Los Angeles. The Lieutenant Governor calls the National Guard to help quell the rioting. Police arrest nearly 4,000 people.

LGBT Rights: 1965

Couple going to CRH eventCouple going to CRH eventSan Francisco police harass organizers and participants in a New Years Day fundraising ball for the Council on Religion and the Homosexual. Clergy associated with the Council publicly protest and draw attention to police harassment of gay people.

LGBT Rights: 1966

Transgender women and young street hustlers in San Francisco’s Tenderloin neighborhood riot at Compton’s Cafeteria to protest ongoing police harassment.

View the opening of a documentary on the riot:

Disability Rights: 1967

Governor Ronald Reagan signs the California Mental Health Services Act, sponsored by assembly representative Frank Lanterman and state senators Nick Petris and Alan Short, defining legal rights for patients in mental hospitals.

Women: 1967

Therapeutic Abortion Act is enacted, allowing women for the first time to obtain legal abortions in the state albeit under restrictive circumstances, including appearing before and gaining approval from a 3-doctor panel.

Race: 1967

In Reitman v. Mulkey, the U.S. Supreme Court upholds a California Supreme Court decision invalidating Proposition 14 as a violation of the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment to the federal constitution.

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