1951 - 1990

LGBT Rights: 1962

Virginia Prince forms Phi Pi Epsilon, a group for transvestites.

Owners of San Francisco bars catering to gay men form the Tavern Guild to protect themselves and their patrons from police harassment.

Censorship: 1962

Los Angeles booksellers are charged with obscenity under a state law for selling Henry Miller’s Tropic of Cancer to an undercover police cadet.


Race: 1962

BurksBurksIn Burks v. Poppy Construction, the California Supreme Court upholds the Unruh Act and rules that it applies to real estate transactions. 

Women: 1963

Congress passes the federal Equal Pay Act.

Immigrants' Rights: 1963

Bracero treaty expires without renewal.

LGBT Rights: 1963

Gay bar entertainer Jose Sarria runs unsuccessfully for San Francisco supervisor.

Race: 1963

Demonstrator in TorranceDemonstrator in TorranceAdvocates from the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and others stage demonstrations at a new housing development in Torrance, accusing the developer of discriminating against African Americans.

Legislature passes the Rumford Act, named for Byron Rumford, the first African American elected to public office in Northern California, which outlawed racial discrimination in most privately financed housing.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee sponsor a two-mile march through downtown Los Angeles to protest school segregation.Anti-segregation marchAnti-segregation march

NAACP and United Civil Rights Commission file a class action lawsuit, Crawford v. Board of Education to compel the Los Angeles school board to integrate nearly all-black Jordan High School with nearly all-white South Gate High School a mile away.  The school board delays a trial for five years by pledging to desegregate but presenting plans that impact only a handful of students.

California Supreme Court rules in Jackson v. Pasadena City School District that school boards have a constitutional obligation to end segregation regardless of its cause.

Women: 1964

Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1964, creating the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and covering discrimination on the basis of gender.

President Lyndon Johnson appoints International Ladies Garment Workers organizer (and later National Organization for Women president) Aileen Hernandez as the first woman on the EEOC.

LGBT Rights: 1964

Led by clergy at San Francisco’s Glide Memorial Church, religious leaders and “homophile” activists form the Council on Religion and the Homosexual.

Race: 1964

No on 14No on 14Proposition 14, an initiative sponsored by the California Real Estate Association, the Home Builders Association, and the Apartment Owners Association, passes by a two-to-one margin.  The initiative amends the state constitution to rescind all existing fair housing laws and to bar the Legislature from ever passing laws related to housing discrimination.

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